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## What Is Warren Buffett’s "Owners Earnings"?

Warren Buffett, the mastermind of the investment world, believes that “earnings to owners” is an accurate measure of a company’s valuation. He believes that a company’s free cash flow determines the wealth of the organization’s shareholders, who actually own the company. Owner’s income can be calculated from the following formula:

*Owner’s Income = Net Income + Depreciation and Amortization – Capital Investment – Additional Working Capital Requirements. *

Investors familiar with the concept of economic growth will find that the Warren Buffett formula is based on the calculation of free cash flow from investments. But what is the logic behind this equation? To begin with, net income is an accrual-based calculation that considers cash and non-cash items; Therefore, depreciation and amortization, both of which are non-cash items, must be added back to earnings to arrive at earnings that reflect the entity’s net cash flow from operating activities. Buffett considers depreciation to be a historical cost that should not be included in the calculation of net income. Furthermore, he argues that amortization of items such as goodwill is unrealistic. Because the company’s goodwill is likely to increase rather than decrease over time.

Another item in the equation is capital expenditures that do not form part of net income on the income statement. Instead a certain percentage of capital expenditure is deducted from the gross profit called depreciation to arrive at net income. Warren Buffett says that the actual capital expenditures incurred during the year should be subtracted from the net income so that the investor can calculate the true value of the free cash flow generated after deducting all the expenses along with the capital expenditures. . This is because the capital expenditure has resulted in sales for the given year and must be deducted to reflect the actual net income in the given year.

Similarly, the organization’s working capital requirements should be calculated by determining the net changes in each component of the working capital cycle, i.e. creditors, debtors and stock. Net changes in working capital should be reflected in owner’s income. If working capital requirements have increased, the net effect should be reduced and if they have decreased, the net effect should be added back to net income.

The end result of the calculation is the production of free cash flow that is credited to the entity’s owners that can either be reinvested or used to pay dividends to shareholders. Owner’s income, in essence, is net income that takes into account all investment activities and adds all non-cash items to net income. The final answer indicates the firm’s ability to generate cash from investments made by shareholders in terms of equity.

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