# Enter A Formula Using The Sumif Function To Search Range SUMIF – Review of This Excel Function

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## SUMIF – Review of This Excel Function

If your boss asks you for a report that includes sales by region, product, etc., you can do it using array formulas, pivot tables, SUMPRODUCT, filters, but the SUMIF function is the way you need to produce a usable report.

The function syntax is: SUMIF(range, criteria, [sum_range])

Where:

Range: This is an array to compare against criteria arguments (for example, an array to search for fields, products, etc.). It can also include numbers, for example sales. In this case the parameter will be numeric and the optional sum_range argument will not be used

Criteria: The condition to evaluate to the range array (for example, north, south, etc. if the range will be fields)

[sum_range]: Optional. This is the column that contains the totals (sales, profit, etc.) statistics.

Here are aspects of why you should use the SUMIF function

• Arrays are easier to learn and write than formulas.
• Allows you to summarize multiple lines into one.
• Allows you to use logical operators, for example: =SUMIF(B2:B25,”>5″).
• Sum all the rows in the column that match the text in the next column, for example: =SUMIF(B2:B25,“susan”,C2:C25).
• Sum all the rows in the column that match the date in the next column, for example: =SUMIF(B2:B25,“11/7/2009”,C2:C25).
• Sum all rows in a column that match a number in another column, for example: =SUMIF(B2:B25,10,C2:C5).
• Allows you to ignore array formulas and SUMPRODUCT if you are not yet proficient with them.
• Allows you to use wild cards. For example: =SUMIF(A2:A10,” Wilson”,B2:B10) or =SUMIF(A2:A10,” “&E2,B2:B10).
• Provides flexibility to enter dates in the parameter argument. For example: =SUMIF(I9:I12,”11/7/2009″, J9:J12).

Here’s why you shouldn’t use the SUMIF function

• Does not evaluate multiple conditions.
• Entering criteria syntax is unclear, for example how to enter dates, how to enter conditions. For example: Put “a” (without quotation marks) in “a”” or E2 and enter the criteria like this: “&E2, etc.
• This is not case sensitive.
• This can cause errors if the sum_range and the size of the range are not appropriate.

conclusion

The advantages of using the SUMIF formula outweigh its disadvantages but you have to weigh each of the cons, for example the inability to evaluate multiple terms makes me work in the array formula direction.

Array formulas are indispensable; At least you use Excel 2007 – which disposes of the SUMIFS function, but this formula is still not case sensitive.

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